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Most Developed Countries in Africa 2022

This article will list the most developed countries in Africa in 2022.

Developing countries in Africa are economies built for expansion and development in the future. It comprises a certain percentage of African countries at present.

I will split the article into sections briefly explaining each country and why they are considered in this category.

Top 20 Developed Countries in Africa 2022

Here is a list of the ten fastest developing countries in Africa. We will soon update the article with the top 20 developed countries in Africa:

1. Mauritius

Mauritius is the most developed country in Africa. It is in the Indian Ocean and has a total population of 8,622.68 as of 2020.

It is one of the smallest sovereign nations on earth. Since gaining independence from Britain in 1968, Mauritius has become an upper-middle-income country with a gross national per capita GDP of $10.91 billion as of 2020.

This small country depends on tourism, which makes up 20% of its GDP. It also has finance, textiles, and sugar industries, among others.

Mauritius is one of the most well-developed countries in Africa, with an HDI score of 0.804. It is the only country in Africa with a Very High Human Development Index score.

2. Seychelles

Seychelles is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, 98,462 (2020).

It is one of the smallest sovereign nations on earth. With its small size comes a small government with only 13 cabinet ministers.

Seychelles gained independence from Britain in 1976. The country has the highest gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in Africa, at $11,425.09 (2020)

This small country has a large tourism industry besides fishing and finance. The HDI in Seychelles is a high of 0.796.

3. Algeria

Another one of the top developing countries in Africa is Algeria. It is in North Africa and has a total population of 43.85 million.

According to the World Bank, Algeria gained independence from France in 1962 and became an upper-middle-income economy. Its GDP per capita was $3,310 as of 2020.

The country is heavily reliant on energy exports in natural gas and oil, and The HDI of Algeria is 0.748.

4. Tunisia

Tunisia is one of the most developing countries in Africa that borders Algeria. It is on the Mediterranean Sea and has a population of 11.82 million.

It gained independence from France in 1956 and is currently a middle-income economy. The GDP per capita is $3.319 as of 2020.

Tunisia has an agriculture industry which makes up 9% of its exports. Besides this, it has small enterprises besides tourism. It also produces textiles and oil. Tunisia’s Human Development Index score (HDI) is 0.740.

5. Botswana

Botswana is a landlocked country in southern Africa. It has a total population of 2,352 million.

It gained independence from Britain in 1966 and is currently an upper-middle-income economy. The GDP per capita is $6,711 as of 2020.

The economy depends on diamond mining, tourism, livestock agriculture (cattle), subsistence farming, and financial services. The HDI of Botswana is a high of 0.735.

6. Libya

One of the most developing countries in Africa is Libya. It is in North Africa and has a total population of 6,871 million.

It gained independence from Italy in 1951 and became an upper-middle-income economy. The GDP per capita is $3,699 as of 2020.

Oil makes up almost the country’s exports, while agriculture accounts for 2% of its exports. Libya has a small mining industry and tourism, and textiles. Its HDI is 0.724.

7. South Africa

The most famous country in Africa is South Africa. It has a total population of 59.31 million.

It gained independence from Britain in 1961 and has since become an upper-middle-income economy. The GDP per capita is $5,090 as of 2020.

The key economic sectors in South Africa are manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade, financial services, transport, mining, agriculture, and tourism. The HDI of the country is 0.709.

8. Egypt

Number 8 on the list of most developing countries in Africa is Egypt. It is in North and Central Africa and has a total population of 102.3 Million people.

Egypt gained independence from Britain in 1922 and is now an upper-middle-income economy. The GDP per capita is $3,548 as of 2020.

Egypt’s economy relies mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas, and tourism. The HDI in Egypt is a low of 0.707, ranking 116 out of 188 countries.

9. Gabon

Located in Central Africa, Gabon is one of the most developing countries in Africa. It has a total population of 2.226 million.

Gabon gained independence from France in 1960 and became an upper-middle-income economy. The GDP per capita is $7,006 as of 2020.

Oil makes up 80% of exports, although it relies on mining, forestry, and fishing industries. The country has a tourism industry as well. Gabon’s HDI is 0.703, with an impressive ranking of 119 out of 188 countries for this indicator.

10. Morocco

Last on our list of top developing countries in Africa is the Kingdom of Morocco. It is in North Africa and has a total population of 36,91 million.

It gained independence from France in 1956 and is one of Africa’s upper-middle-income economies. The GDP per capita was $3,009.25 as of 2020.

Morocco’s leading economic sectors are textiles, leather goods, food processing, oil refining, and electronic assembly. The HDI in the country is 0.686, ranking at 121 out of 188 countries worldwide.

Features of Developing Countries in Africa

The following defines a developing country:

1. Stable and Functional Government

Relatively stable governments that are effective in running the country lead these countries.

2. Robust Infrastructure

The country has a modern and well-developed infrastructure.

3. Strong Educational System

Most developing countries in Africa have universal or near-universal literacy rates on this list. They also have a robust national education system that caters to the needs of their people.

4. Ample Job Opportunities

A developing country is one where there are ample job opportunities for its citizens.

5. Comprehensive Health and Social Services

A measure of social protection ensures that everyone in the country, both the young and the old, can achieve good health.

6. High Personal Freedom

To qualify as a developing country in Africa, the citizens must enjoy high personal and political freedoms.

What is Human Development Index?

The Human Development Index (HDI) measures the progress of humanity by evaluating several criteria.

Most developing countries in Africa on our list have a high Human Development Index score. Mauritius, the only nation with a Very High Human Development Index score, ranks 1st.

While the rest of the countries have Low, medium, or High scores.

The Human Development Index measures overall human development by evaluating several criteria. It mainly focuses on three critical pillars:

1. A long and healthy life, as measured by the average length of life in good health

2. Knowledge, as measured by a person’s attainment in literacy and essential knowledge related to science, math, history, etc.

3. A decent standard of living, as measured by the average income per person in the country.

Complete list of Developing Countries in Africa

This table summarizes developing countries in Africa based on the Human Development Index (HDI).

Rank

Country

HDI value

Very High Human Development
1 Mauritius 0.804
High Human Development
2 Seychelles 0.796
3 Algeria 0.748
4 Tunisia 0.74
5 Botswana 0.735
6 Libya 0.724
7 South Africa 0.709
8 Egypt 0.707
9 Gabon 0.703
Medium Human Development
10 Morocco 0.686
11 Cape Verde 0.665
12 Namibia 0.646
13 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.625
14 Eswatini 0.611
15 Ghana 0.611
16 Kenya 0.601
17 Equatorial Guinea 0.592
18 Zambia 0.584
19 Angola 0.581
20 Republic of the Congo 0.574
21 Zimbabwe 0.571
22 Cameroon 0.563
23 Comoros 0.554
Low Human Development
24 Mauritania 0.546
25 Benin 0.545
26 Uganda 0.544
27 Rwanda 0.543
28 Nigeria 0.539
29 Ivory Coast 0.538
30 Tanzania 0.529
31 Madagascar 0.528
32 Lesotho 0.527
33 Djibouti 0.524
34 Togo 0.515
35 Senegal 0.512
36 Sudan 0.51
37 The Gambia 0.496
38 Ethiopia 0.485
39 Malawi 0.483
40 Liberia 0.48
41 Guinea-Bissau 0.48
42 The Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.48
43 Guinea 0.477
44 Eritrea 0.459
45 Mozambique 0.456
46 Sierra Leone 0.452
47 Burkina Faso 0.452
48 Mali 0.434
49 Burundi 0.433
50 South Sudan 0.433
51 Chad 0.398
52 The central African Republic 0.397
53 Niger 0.394

Source: UN Human Development Report

The only African country missing from this report is Somalia.

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Anne Katana
Anne Katana
I am a student of history. In my free time, I enjoy sharing my passion and experiences with people through blogging. I started this blog to educate and inspire people globally. So Welcome to Nasonga.

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