How to Raise Pigs for Profit on a Small Farm

Are you looking to raise pigs for profit, but you don’t know where to start? Here is how you can best utilize the limited available resources and space on a small farm.

Nowadays, cereal crops as a profitable business are out of the question, so raising animals such as chickens, goats, pigs, or rabbits – may prove to be a viable option.

Even though the price of pork rises and falls, in Kenya, there is always consumer demand.

To start a small business, creating a pig farming business requires market research and careful planning. The more work you put into creating a viable operation, the more profits you can have.

Still in doubt? Let me show you how to get started.

How to Raise Pigs for Profit on a Small Farm

Here is how to raise pigs for profit:

1. Conduct a Research

The first thing you need to do is research. It would help if you found out how many farmers are in a successful pig production business in the past five years.

Put that together with your business costs and projected costs to get it up and to run. Then, determine the amount you have to earn to make a profit before starting.

2. Visit a pig farm and ask for advice in terms of scale and operation.

Talking to successful farmers who are already in the industry will give you inside information. Arm yourself with a list of questions about raising pigs, pig varieties, and market trends.

3. Calculate your costs.

If you already have existing buildings, such as a cowshed, converted into a pig shed, the better. It will reduce your initial costs of installation and hence make you profit faster.

4. Estimate the costs of building pig pens.

Calculate the total number of pigs you need and where they will be best placed. Make sure they have troughs and feeders. Look for food sources and calculate how much food will cost to raise the given number.

5. Pigs varieties in Kenya

Choose a pig variety that is best suited to your needs. Some pig varieties take longer to grow and mature. But if you are into pigs farming for profit, you need to choose a type with a short growth time.

6. Pigs for Profit: Start with a small operation.

Just as self-employed individuals started by not quitting their daytime jobs first until they had enough finance to support themselves, do a pilot project for the first, let’s say, six months to get an idea of what pig farming entails.

If the first pilot project is a success, evaluate your profit margin and see if you want to reinvest more pigs’ money.

7. Raise pigs without locking them up.

 

Instead of keeping the pigs confined to a space for the whole day, let them search for food on the farm and nearby areas.

This helps reduce feeding costs and may open a market for people who do not want to buy pork fed with commercial feed.

8. Consider raising “fattening” pigs.

For the pilot project, you need to buy piglets that are 30 to 45 days old. Feed them until they weigh around 90 Kilogrammes.

This should take about three to four months, and then sell them. Some diet formulas are added to the feed to fasten pig fattening.

This may be the most profitable way to breed them since you don’t have to keep sows and boars.

Plus, you don’t have to have them during the cold season when costs increase, thus reducing your profit margin.

It would help if you planned to have pigs ready for the market after the holidays to maximize demand and high prices.

This is because pork runs out of supply after either Easter and Christmas holidays due to earlier orders.

9. Do as much of the work as you can yourself.

Lastly, on pigs for profit, learn to recognize the signs and symptoms of sick pigs, so you can give them first aid treatments before calling the vet.

Tim Jumah
Tim is a practising farmer based in Trans-Nzoia. His love for technology in agriculture led to the establishment of this website.

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